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The Prince of Wales and The Duchess
of Cornwall

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge

Prince Harry



  • The Prince of Wales's Canadian Standard flies next to the Canadian Flag and the Union Flag

The Prince of Wales has three standards or banners - his Personal Standard, his Standard for Wales and his Standard for Scotland. Rules govern their use.

The Prince of Wales’s Personal Standard is the same as the Standard used by previous Princes of Wales. The banner includes the Royal Arms, the Coronet of the Heir Apparent and the Arms of the Principality of Wales.

In 1969, the year of His Royal Highness’s Investiture as Prince of Wales, Her Majesty The Queen approved the suggestion that he should have two versions one of Royal Standard Proportions (a breadth of two to a depth of one) and the other of heraldic (squarer) proportions. The two sizes are used as convenient.

A car-standard size was also approved, and first used on 7th July 1969, when The Prince arrived in Malta for a holiday. Car pennants are not always used, and rarely in the Greater London area.

The full-standard size was first flown in March 1970 during His Royal Highness’s visit to New Zealand and Australia with The Queen, The Duke of Edinburgh and Princess Anne.

The Duke of Edinburgh suggested in 1962 that The Prince of Wales should have his own flag to use after his investiture exclusively for use during visits to Wales and in Welsh waters. The Queen gave her approval. The standard, devised by the College of Arms, is based on the Arms of the Principality of Wales, also known as the Arms of Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, the last native Prince of Wales.

The flag was flown for the first time on 11th June 1969 at Castle Green, Cardiff, three weeks before The Prince's Investiture, for the inauguration of the Royal Regiment of Wales. During the Investiture ceremony on 1st July 1969, the Standard for Wales was flown from Caernarfon Castle's Eagle Tower.  The standard is also known as The Prince of Wales's Personal Flag for use in Wales.

The Prince of Wales had the idea of incorporating his Scottish titles - Duke of Rothesay, Lord of the Isles and Great Steward of Scotland - into a banner. It was designed in 1974 by Sir Iain Moncrieffe in his capacity as Albany Herald and approved by The Queen later that year.

The standard, exclusively for use when The Prince is in Scotland, was first flown on 21st July 1976, when he visited Loch Kishorn, Wester Ross, to launch the Ninian Central oil platform production dock, the site of which was part of the ancient lordship of the Isles. The standard is also known as His Royal Highness's Scottish Banner.

The first and fourth quarterings of the banner - blue and white chequered band across a gold background - represent the Great Steward of Scotland. The second and third quarterings - a black galley with red flags on a white background - represent the Lord of the Isles. Superimposed in the centre is a small gold shield with the red Lion Rampant within a red Royal Tressure on it, charged with a blue label of 3 points. This represents the Dukedom of Rothesay.

The rules for using the standards provide that The Prince of Wales's Personal Standard may be used on appropriate occasions, except when he is visiting Scotland or Wales, where the special standards are used, or the Duchy of Cornwall - which has its own standard. But when The Prince is visiting any unit, station or ship of the Armed Forces, his Personal Standard is flown even if the visit is within Wales or Scotland.

Traditionally, The Prince of Wales's Standard is never flown at any of The Queen's official residences, except twice a year when His Royal Highness visits Sandringham in Her Majesty's absence. It is not flown during a private visit.

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